Philosophical Truth and Ethics: Is It Science-ing Morality?

For Jesus and the culture

Dear Reader:

When it comes to philosophical truth and ethics, there are a lot of different ways to look at things. Some people analyze the concepts based on scientific principles, while others may take a more spiritual or religious approach. No matter which way you slice it, though, I think there is an essential core truth inside of us all when it comes to morality. We may call it different things – our conscience, our higher self, or the holy spirit – but I believe that deep down we all know what is right and wrong. This inner truth is what guides our actions and choices, even when we may not be consciously aware of it. It is what gives us a sense of compassion for others, and what drives us to act by our values. And while there may be times when we make choices that go against this inner truth, I believe that ultimately it is always there, waiting to guide us back to the path of righteousness.

Although I recognize that college philosophy classes are a nightmare for Christians, I’m asking you to put aside that classroom trauma for a minute while you read this. 

What are philosophical truth and ethics, and why should they be studied as a science

Philosophical truth is deceptively simple to define: it is the agreement between our thoughts and reality. For example, the statement “the earth is round” is a philosophical truth because it accurately describes the shape of the earth. In contrast, statements like “I am happy” or “that dress is blue” are not philosophical truths because they are based on our individual opinions. However, even though the definition of philosophical truth is simple, actually determining whether a statement is true can be very difficult. This is because we can never know for certain whether our thoughts accurately reflect reality. As a result, philosophers have long debated how we can know whether a statement is true.

Ethics, on the other hand, concern themselves with right and wrong conduct. Unlike philosophical truths, which can be verified objectively, there is no agreed-upon definition of what constitutes right and wrong conduct. Instead, ethical principles are based on our individual beliefs about what is good or bad behavior. As a result, ethical debates are often more emotional than intellectual; people tend to feel strongly about what they believe to be right or wrong. Nonetheless, ethical principles are an important part of our society, and philosophers have long studied how we can develop sound ethical systems.

One of the famous and most done philosophy/ethics exercises in college classes is to think about what if you had to take a life to save many lives. The most prominent example is if you could go back and kill Hitler, would that be wrong? We all know that the bible says point blank murder is wrong. But there’s that niggling feeling in my chest about whether it would be wrong to kill Hitler- a man who led to many many people’s deaths. I don’t have an answer. Philosophy teaches us that it’s okay not to have an answer and to grapple with facts, feelings and spirit. Ethics strengthens our notion of what is acceptable in our society. 

Both philosophical truth and ethics should be studied as sciences because they help us to understand the world around us. By learning about different ways of knowing and different ethical systems, we can develop better methods for determining what is true and what is right. In addition, philosophy and ethics provide us with a language for talking about complex ideas. Without these disciplines, we would be limited in our ability to communicate and grapple with difficult problems. Ultimately, philosophy and ethics should be studied as sciences because they make us more thoughtful and reflective citizens of the world.

What implications do philosophical truth and ethics have on society as a whole

The search for truth and the study of ethics has always been closely linked. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle famously said that “the aim of the ethical life is a good life,” and many philosophers since have agreed that living a good life is the best way to find happiness and fulfillment. In recent years, however, some philosophers have argued that truth and ethics are two separate domains. They claim that society does not need ethical values to function and that individuals can pursue their happiness without being concerned about the greater good. While this debate is sure to continue, it is clear that both truth and ethics play an important role in our lives. Truth helps us to understand the world around us, while ethics give us guidance on how to live our lives. Together, they provide a foundation for a meaningful and fulfilling life.

Tell us what you think, can ethical theories are tested and proven, or are they purely speculative? Is there a way to reconcile the differences between different ethical theories?